What are Wastewater Treatment Landscapes?
Wastewater Treatment Landscapes or Sewage Treatment Plants Landscapes are the landscape structures which are build in such a way so as to efficiently use the wastewater from the treatment plants while obscuring the Sewage Treatment Plant from plain site and at the same time adding a green space to the complex.
Wastewater management is need of the hour, as with the ever rising global population, we are already facing a huge water crisis. The most important step in fighting this crisis is the efficient management of water supply. The water once used in bathroom sinks, laundry or shower heads is considered as grey water and it contains organic material that is good for plants. This runoff water can be used for gardening purposes which not only reduces the total freshwater demand but also boosts the plant growth.
In the last decade there has been huge advancement when it comes to environmental engineering research on decentralized, biological remediation of wastewater. Wastewater Treatment Plants or Sewage Treatment Plants are specially designed for the purpose of regulating hydrologic flows in surface drainage systems. They are spatially and strategically distributed in the landscape and can treat wastewater generated from institutional land uses, residential and corporate complexes.
Once we come to a conclusion that adding a wastewater treatment plant is vital for cost purposes as well as for effective water management, the next question that comes to mind is how we can beautify it. With careful planning, sewage treatment plant landscapes can be designed that are not only pleasing to the senses and but also kind to the environment. These following factors should always be kept in mind while creating a sewage treatment plant landscapes:
Just as before constructing a building, lots of thought is given in preparing its plan, similarly it is very important that a plan is created for the landscape so as to take into account the drainage between the Wastewater Treatment System, the placement of turfs, vegetation and its placement, landscape accessories etc.
Choosing the right kind of vegetation is very important while creating a Sewage Treatment Plants as some plants require more water than the others and also on what kind of vegetation is suitable for the combination of nutrients present in the treated water.
The kind of soil to be added to the landscape structure also depends on the plantation and the nutrients already present in the treated water.
Maintenance is key factor for any system to be a success, similarly the Water Treatment plant landscape needs periodical maintenance, like checking the nutrients in the water from time to time, cleaning the drainage channels etc.