Reduce, Reuse and Recycle Water
Most of the sustainable or green movements focus on three R’s; reduce, reuse and recycle. In general terms, it means to minimize the wastage, reuse the available resources to the maximum and recycle the waste. These three R’s are equally important in term of water. In today’s scenario, where water is becoming a global concern and the world sees a widespread drought in the near future while some places are facing the drought in current situations, it is very important for us to follow the path of three R’s for the well being of our planet and our generations. In this post, we will understand each R in terms of water, its importance and how we can achieve the same.
We should reduce the usage to the minimum. Although we cannot stop the necessary use of water, wastage of water can be eliminated. We tend to waste water in many ways; over flushing, long baths, running taps while filling buckets or simply leaving the taps open while we are busy doing some other activity. These are some very generic scenarios that we do in our day today lives. This wastage can be easily eliminated. Water is available in abundance on the planet, but the irony is that only 0.3% of the water is available for use. Now, if we waste this water and thus render it unusable, then we are simply pushing ourselves towards a situation of long periods of drought. The reduction in wastage is the mantra for sustainability.
Another mantra in the three R’s is reuse. This term is very interesting. So far we have tried to reuse our waste to make some good stuff out of them like bottles converted into lamp shades or vases, or newspapers converted into carry bags and so on. But here we are talking about reusing water. How can we reuse water? This may hit our minds because once used, it goes down the drains. Here lies the key area. Instead of letting the used water go down the drains we can redirect it for reuse. The used water from bath, laundry or sinks is known as greywater. This can be treated at different levels for removing chemicals from them and can be used again. The water from the sink or bath can be used for mopping, car washing, irrigation of plants, and other non-potable activities. This will decrease the pressure on the fresh water required for these activities.
This is equally important for the survival of the planet. To give back to nature what we take from it, following the simple rule of give and take. Nature gives us what we need for our survival. It is equally important for us to give nature back what it needs. Rainwater, which is a source of fresh water, is drained down the sewer lines making it unusable. This rainwater can be harvested to balance the underground tables to combat drought situations. Farms and gardens can be irrigated with this water. It can also be used for non-potable activities of our daily routines.
It is true that if everyone follows the path of three R’s in every aspect, we can definitely overcome the critical situations that the world is facing or will face in the future and can also guide our future generations down a path of sustainability.
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